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Major cloud security challenges for enterprises in 2019

Cloud computing, cloud security in 2019

With SaaS anchoring the pole position of increasing market value till 2021, it is going to be a $113.1 billion affair that will be followed by IaaS at $39.5billion and PaaS at $18.8 billion. These numbers are enough to paint the canvas of the global IT industry with the dominating color of cloud computing. Cloud App Development companies have been one of the top earners and is surely going to continue its Midas touch as the importance of data increases, while we approach 2020.

It is interesting to note that cloud computing platforms and comprehensive solutions generally form the backbone of information processing systems or even simple data warehousing. In an era where everybody is looking beyond electronic data for complete digitization, cloud computing becomes inevitable to remain out of this scene.

Here are the most lethal cloud security challenges that can upset a digital enterprise in 2019

Direct data breaches

Direct data breaches are one of the most dangerous threats that can occur in any cloud computing environment. With continuously increasing trends and awareness about analytics, data stored across the cloud and transactions made through gateways are becoming extremely vulnerable. People with malicious intent may gain control of the situation and thus compromise the most critical, behavioral and personal data of individuals and organizations on a broader scale. There are several other loopholes in the deployment process, content delivery networks and encryption of tokenized data which is stored across the cloud computing platforms.

Scarcity of identity management infrastructure; internal compromises

2019 has been the year when conventional businesses have aggressively taken steps to transform themselves into a genuinely cognitive enterprise. When a business is going completely digital, the identity management of their employees and related roasters, database all comes at stake offs cloud computing platform. Security of critical personal data of employees and their organization related sensitive data stored in their employ account become highly vulnerable because of:

  • Larger transitions
  • More wait time
  • Insider threats
  • Compromised company operations

Unsecured APIs & app interfaces

Recently there was a little data breach that compromised classified bank details of a multitude of account holders in the UPI payment system. It was mainly because of super exposed unsecured APIs and app interfaces which become a crack for cyber attackers to invade the environment. An environment that contained highly critical information and bank details of millions of people.  Encrypted gateways for data transmission and loosely held mobile app interfaces are softer targets for cyber attackers to invade and compromise the most critical information like bank statements, personal details, and PAN.

DoS Attacks

Competitors and cyber attackers are often keeping up their plans of sabotage the cloud computing resources with denial of service (DoS) attacks. Denial of Service (DoS) attacks is highly potent and cause a great panic attack in all the digital products and online resources. It is a mechanism that replicates bots which start sending a fake service request to your server and engage all slots of the cloud server communication. Consequently, it blocks genuine data and service requests that are to be rendered from the data stored over the cloud. It is a great hindrance in outbound productivity of the product and can directly turn up into a monetary loss if not covered and mitigated beforehand.

Non-compliance

Outright compliance with regulatory mandates is extremely important for all stakeholders in walled in the cloud computing environment. Whether it is the cloud service provider or a client hosting the product over the platform, everyone is concerned about regular compliance of their regulatory product. A major issue is not one-time compliance but renewal and consistent upgrade with several changes in the regulatory mandates.

Often companies tend to focus on compliances as a one-time investment but they forget to gauge its importance in the long run and they remain on bear conscious of the fact that the resources are no longer compliant which strikes them as a reality in the form of a cyber attack or a data breach. Only digital enterprises extensively looking for cloud service providers wish to seek compliance of regulatory mandates like:

  • PCI DSS
  • HIPAA/HITECH
  • GLBA
  • FISMA
  • FERPA
  • EU data protection

Disaster recovery, fault tolerance

Cloud computing is extremely important for successful digital products and they form an integral part of a comprehensive digital solution for any problem of acute degree. Often, it is realized that once services are a move to the cloud or data it is stored within a content delivery network (CDN), operations tend to behave alienated with no real control from the owner. The ultimate control lies in the hands of the cloud service provider. There has been a healthy debate on the matter since long and that doesn’t seem to have an end. Just like a coin, there are two sides to everything.

Imagine yourself running reputed news, media blog that stores and retrieved a lot of multimedia data from the content delivery network (CDN). One fine day the operation stops due to the failure of server cloud connection and your services stay at a halt for a long downtime. There has been no slack at your end but the consequences have to be borne by the owner of the digital product. In such a situation where there is no control of the owners and, cloud services may stain the reputation or cause acute inconvenience to your precious viewers.

Conclusion

Cloud security challenges are generally overlooked by cognitive enterprises unless they face harsh consequences or they seek compliance to enter a new league of businesses. It is highly inappreciable and should be taken care of seriously. Sometimes, company leadership ends up thinking that it is justified to cut corners of the overall budget by inadvertently curbing the cloud security budget head and using it somewhere else.

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SaaS based Enterprise web application – good or bad?

“We are constantly bombarded with employees not going to correct domains to login and they do not know their domain. This is not going away so we need a solution. They do not know their domain so they Google our company name and always get our public URL instead of their subdomain. They try to login and it tells them their email does not exist.”

SaaS based Enterprise web application – good or bad?

When I heard this from my customer, I was thinking why a SaaS Solution was not helping an enterprise or how it can be educated well to them? My customer’s traditional app was deployed in a Single Server and various account holders (Customer’s clients) used the same domain name. Every account is differentiated with email address and when they logged in, they had to choose their accounts associated with email address. It was designed long back and was the root cause for various issues such as dashboard loading, tough to switch between accounts, Reports takes time and data can not be easily measured as all account details were stored in one location / database.

At W2S Solutions, we know the benefits of SaaS based solution and are strong in building this. We have built this to our customers with Open Source Technologies such as Django, Python, and MongoDB or with Microsoft .Net platform. Here are the benefits of a SaaS based app:

Software as a Service based solution is a single instance – multi tenant system. You can deploy your code in cloud servers and clients can get their preferred sub domains. Let’s say your business name is card2contact.com, clients can create their own subdomain with their preference. It could be anything such as abc.card2contact.com. This is more convenient in URL promotion with their branding. If client has employees, staffs and consultants, they shall use the sub domain URL to login and access their information. It’s easy to remember and does not need to promote or educate as it has a direct business name in it.

Cost measurement: Every subdomain / business has its own database, bandwidth and memory usage. It’s easy to measure cost consumption and storage consumption. It helps to calculate cost spent per client and revenue made.

Performance will be great as everything is unique and dedicated for every client. As a cloud computing service, It captures lots of business information for each business, It could be very interesting for business executives to analyze their numbers to find their growth rate.

There are other pros available for a SaaS based solution; but would like to talk about things to be added when migrating a traditional app to a SaaS based solution.

  • New sub domain business URL has to be educated to all accounts and users. This could happen with welcome emails, login and forgot password emails.
  • Every business URL should have a unique SEO tag indexed with their business name. It solves the major issue of going to parent domain when they do Google.
  • Find my business domain name and reset password option must be available in parent domain URL. This allows business users to fetch their sub domain URL if they lost it. Hence user will provide email address and system detects all sub domains, usernames associated with that email address.

But sometimes Enterprises feel that whatever they have now works okay and might be worried to change. Its good for them right now but nothing is absolute in IT. We hope and help our customers based on Best Practices that we have learned through years and our solution helps to run cloud businesses successfully. Please reach us if you have any thoughts on this.