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What Is Better Java or Kotlin – Pros, Cons and the Conclusion

Java and Kotlin are the most-widely used development languages when it comes to Android App development. Professionals from any Android App Development Company, who have been making use of Java since very long, have another option now in Kotlin. Having been announced by Google as the second official language for developing Android Apps at the I/O conference, Kotlin has now emerged as one stellar programming language. No wonder, Kotlin offers to be compiled successfully and run effectively on the Java Virtual Machine. Java, having reigned as the most preferred language for developing Android apps, has found its match in Kotlin.

The Open-Source Programming Language of the Recent Times – Kotlin

While it is not compatible with Java, Kotlin, the powerful statically-typed programming language, runs on Java Virtual Machine. Code written using Kotlin works fine with Java as well as it natively does. Using aggressive inference for determination of the types of expressions and values – when they have not been stated clearly – Kotlin, as a programming language, is more distinctive than Java that at times may require repetitious type specifications.

After having been announced officially as a first-class Android Development language, Kotlin certainly has grabbed the attention of global Android App Development Companies and developers.

Java or Kotlin – Making the Choice Becomes Tough

Regardless of whether you are a beginner or expert, you are faced with the dilemma of deciding between Java and Kotlin today. With the additional choice, it is common that programmers and business owners alike find it a difficult task picking the right one for developing their Android Apps. It is by going through the various pros and cons related to both the programming languages that one will be able to arrive at the right decision in this connection.

Pro-Java Factors – What Goes in Support of Java

Android itself having been written in Java, there’s no wonder that Java has been many developers’ favorite with regard to Android App Development. This object-oriented programming language claims the title of the second most active language on GitHub. It has been around for nearly 20 years with its popularity only appearing to grow.

  • Java proves easy to understand and learn
  • Android App Development using Java is swift
  • It offers great flexibility – allows reuse of code and regular updating of software
  • Cross-platform apps can be conveniently developed using Java
  • It has a large open source ecosystem
  • Java apps tend to be compact and lighter; complex computing that is faced in Kotlin is avoided
  • Java is highly adaptable with virtual machine or browser window, rendering itself to be smooth during updates and code reuse
  • The app building process is considerably faster in Java than Kotlin
  • Large projects can be easily handled with Java, thanks to Accelerated assembly with Gradle

Glitches in Using Java for Android App Development

  • Limitations in Java may sometimes cause issues with Android API design
  • Java, when compared with certain other programming languages, is slower
  • It requires more memory
  • More coding needed in Java renders it prone to bugs and errors
  • Java faces certain issues such as endless try-catch blocks and Null Pointer Exception
  • Null safety concerns and not being extendable are certain other issues
  • Being an old version is a snag with Java

What Makes Kotlin Gain Momentum in Contemporary

Being positioned as the first-class language for developing Android apps, Kotlin is considered to be the ‘enhanced Java’ by programmers across the globe. Kotlin provides several improvements over Java, its 2-decade old predecessor. Not without reason, Kotlin, the modern programming language offers a number of advantages, especially for building Android apps.

  • Complete Java interoperability and compatibility with existing code is one major strong point of Kotlin
  • Being clear, compact, and efficient, Kotlin has an intuitive and concise syntax – this leads to increased productivity
  • Allowing for more stable code and reduced errors in production, Kotlin involves fewer bugs and requires reduced QA efforts and time
  • Java to Kotlin switching is easy- it requires just installing Kotlin plugin and adding it to Gradle for conversion
  • Smart extension functions available in Kotlin enable Android App Developers to build clean APIs
  • Access to Anko Library is a major advantage offered by Kotlin
  • It is easy to learn even if you have no prior mobile app development knowledge
  • Kotlin is fully supported by Android Studio
  • Reliable and precise codes enhance the security
  • Kotlin excels over Java in regard to data classes

There are Some Limitations as well, with Kotlin

As with any programming language, there are certain catches in using Kotlin also.

  • Compilation speed of Kotlin is slower than Java
  • One drawback is the extra runtime size involved with Kotlin
  • In contrast to the verbose but clearly spelled out Java coding, Kotlin involves concise syntax that might prove difficult to decipher initially
  • Being a relatively new language, the community of Kotlin is smaller presently, making only less help available
  • A few of the Android Studio features such as auto-complete and compilation are found to be slower in Kotlin than in Java
  • Kotlin developers are not so freely available as Java developers as of now—experienced Kotlin developers are few
  • Official support is not as great as in the case of Java

Which one is Better – the Inference

Although Kotlin proves to be far better than Java in certain aspects, it has not reached being the perfect language yet. It is in a way in an experimental stage, although it appears close to outshining Java. Kotlin is about to be adopted on a wide level in future, no doubt. Java, with its years of use and reputation, will take a long time to be replaced, but Kotlin is fast becoming the choice of startups and those seeking innovative technologies.

Android Development Companies had better experiment with Kotlin slowly and get to know how their team fares with it and whether they are able to reap the intended benefits.

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Why Developers Have Switched To Kotlin Programming Language for Building Android Apps?

Supporting several business-oriented features that cannot be achieved by other programming languages, Kotlin has certainly come a long way. The trouble of different exceptions that arise due to source code syntax and runtime code execution has been almost eliminated in Kotlin. Offering the facility to merge existing projects developed in some other language, Kotlin enables developers to conserve their past endeavor as well.

Kotlin is seen to attain the status of being the official language for Android Application Development Companies

Factors That Have Rendered Kotlin the Most Sought-After Programming Language for Android

Kotlin being an object-oriented programming language is capable of offering seamless interoperability with projects developed in Java, thus allowing businesses and Mobile Application Development Companies to migrate gradually from Java to Kotlin.

The safety features available in Kotlin ensures that the Android apps are safe, robust, and optimum in functioning. No wonder Google has made this their preferred official language. Eliminating the woes of null pointer exception, Kotlin is super efficient in error-handling. Being clean and concise, it involves writing less code, thus reducing bugs.

Concise and expressive – Kotlin proves to be the fun and cool new language for Android development

Benefits and Features of Kotlin

Kotlin offers several advantages such as saving time and efforts. The key features and benefits of this programming language are given below:

  • Coding Convenience

Offering ease of coding, Kotlin can be managed smoothly by all programmers from OOP domain – it proves easy to understand for experienced programmers and beginners alike

  • Compact & Concise

Concise and clean code consumes less time for writing and reading, and proves to be less susceptible to bugs – simplifying several processes improves productivity of the developer

  • Mature environment & language

Having been released after a number of stages prior to being released, Kotlin presents few or no problems while working

  • Seamless integration with Android studio

One special benefit is that Kotlin enables setting up and working on any projects under a very short time – it takes just installing a plugin to get the entire process integrated seamlessly

  • Renders Android development easier

Any Android Application Development Company would find Kotlin to be a combination of simplicity and power – one who switches from Java will find that there are unimaginable possibilities in Kotlin

Containing safety features for immutability and nullability, Kotlin certainly makes Android apps high-performers

Technology Entrepreneurs are Offered a Bounty of Opportunities by Kotlin

Kotlin is Android-focused, it allows developers to switch easily from Java, and it is interoperable with Java. Being versatile and concise, it helps avoid excess garbage collection. All of the IDE features in Android Studio work perfectly in Kotlin. It is even possible for developers to mix Java and Kotlin code in the same project. Adhering to open source paradigm, it is similar to Swift programming; it has been built for enterprises.

With many useful features and concise way of coding, Kotlin proves to be the best option, thus causing Mobile Application Development Companies to make use of it on a large scale!